The Thracian dome tomb in Pomorie is unique to the Balkan Peninsula. Archaeologists date it at the end of the III and the beginning of the IV century AD. For this reason, it is defined as the latest representative of the Thracian tombs for the territory of Bulgaria. Also, it is the most massive Thracian tomb in Bulgaria.
Where is the Thracian dome tomb in Pomorie – map
Its location is at the beginning of the town of Pomorie, near the newly built Aqua Park. So, on the road, as shown in the picture, in the direction of Burgas – Pomorie, turn on the left. After driving 250 m along an asphalt road will reach the tomb. In case of significant traffic, can avoid the dangerous turning on the left if you continue around 200 m along the way where there is a roundabout (just opposite the Aqua Park). There you can safely reverse.
It is popular among the locals as “Kuhata mogila” ( “The Hollow Mound” in translation).
The tomb consists of a dromos (corridor) 22 metres long and a round cell with a diameter of 22.60 metres, covered with a mound. The cell and the dromos were built with bricks and stone, that are soldered with mortar mixed with crushed bricks.
The hollow column
In the centre of the cell, there is a hollow column with an opening at the top. For this reason, sunlight passes through this opening and illuminates the chamber. Probably, on the inside of the hollow column, once, there was a spiral staircase leading to the top.
At the place where the column reaches the dome, it expands similar to a sponge so that it can bear the full weight of the mound piled on top. As a matter of fact, this architectural solution is unique and unparalleled in its time. As a result, the construction has been stable for more than 1600 years.
There are five niches located on the outer circular wall that are supposed housed urns in the past.
The Thracian dome tomb at Pomorie – the mausoleum of the last Thracian rulers
Footsteps on the entrance step are indicative of the presence of an entrance gate that was opened repeatedly. This circumstance, together with the two vestibules, which are now entirely renovated, probably intended for guards, give reasons for archaeologists to believe that the facility was not only a tomb but also a sanctuary. It is a so-called heroon. Here Thracians performed ritual activities related to the cult of the dead – perhaps a wealthy family that had lived in Pomorie or a Thracian royal dynasty.
The tomb is open for visitation between April and October with a working Time – 9.00.-17.00 from Tuesday to Sunday, and Monday is a day off. During the rest of the year, it works only by prior request, for contacts call from Monday to Friday on 0596 / 2-20-08 – Pomorie History Museum.
In case you are planning a more extended stay in the area, it is a good idea to choose Pomorie as a city for staying. There are many hotels and lodgings and can offer many entertainments to diversify your Holliday at the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast.
Continue of the walk
In Pomorie you can also visit:
- Hiking trail around the Pomorie Lake and the sea
- Pomorie Lake Information Centre where can watch birds with provided binoculars
Besides, the nearest fascinating cities with landmarks are:
- Nessebar (20 km to the north) with its unique old atmosphere and many preserved historical buildings
- St. Vlas (25 km to the north), which has a mountain hiking trail with sea views. The path has different branches, and one of them leads to the resort village of Elenite
- The regional city of Burgas (20 km to the south) and Poda Bird Watch Center (30 km)